Site hosted by Build your free website today!

Excerpts from “Orientation to Hawaii’s Plantation Village”


Work Force


Because of the shrinking native labor force, which was being ravished by diseases brought by the foreigners, the plantation owners recognized that they needed to look elsewhere for a cheap labor force.  The first immigrant group brought to work on the sugar plantations were the Chinese who had some experience in refining sugar.  Primarily males were recruited.  Many returned to China once their labor contract was completed.  With the demands for sugar increased, a demand for cheap labor force increased too.  To be able to supply the plantations with the needed workers, the owners began looking to other sources.  They sent recruiters to the Azores and Madeira in Portugal, Japan, Korea, Norway, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines.  Each different ethnic group would work under a different wage scale and rate; the latest arrival would be paid less.





Ravished: to overwhelm




Refining: to produce a purer form of something


Labor: the workers


Recruiters: to enlist somebody


Wage: a scale of the different wages paid to employees (workes)



Major Ethnic Group Immigration Period for Plantation Laborers


Chinese (18,000 +)                 1852 (first group)        1886 - 1884


Portuguese (12,000)                1878-1887                   1906 - 1913


Japanese (61,000)                   1868 (first group)        1885 to 1924


Puerto Rican (5,200)               1900 - 1901


Okinawan (20,000)                 1900 - 1924


Koreans (7,000)                      1903 - 1905


Filipinos (100,000)                 1906 - 1930